In my first article published on this site, I wanted to express my ideas about the importance of strength training in the game of rugby, in particular, analyzing the importance of the exercises Olympic and jerk and snatch. In agreement with the employees of preparazionefisica.org, I decided to publish an account of my thesis, dividing into 4 items the entire research, in order to put further attention to the importance of strength training in rugby and in specifically in youth rugby.
In recent years the sport has mutated internal quality and physicality, due to the evolution of the game and its demands; evolution due, in part, to the introduction of strength with the use of overload, as backbone of the physical condition. In this research, I compared two different training methodologies, where I involved a group of 14 children between the ages of 11 and 13 years old, that at the end of preparatory procedures proposed by me, were divided into an experimental group and a control group.
The two methods of work have also compared two different sports cultures. On the one hand the experimental group followed a strength training, according to the criteria proposed by the Federation of Irish Rugby, who in the pre-adolescent age, proposes the use of overload, with strength training proposed by the Italian Federation for the same age, instead recommended that bodyweight exercises.
In future articles, I will present an analysis of the benefits and risks of training with overload in children, by analyzing the essential elements for the development of strength in rugby preteen, even with the support of scientific research conducted on a large scale and important associations such as NSCA.
Luke Costanzelli, Doctor of Physical education, University of Rome “Foro Italico”
In this article we analyze a much discussed in the training world, or the Periodization TRAINING.
There are many theories and current “philosophical” (sportingly speaking) on the ideal way of how to design an entire season of training.
To give readers a more professional information, we analyze a proposal of periodization used by the South African national, reported in the journal BokSmart in an article entitled “PHYSICAL CONDITIONING FOR RUGBY” written and discussed by Michael Posthumus, a researcher attached to the exercise science physical and sports Medicine, Department of human Biology, university of Cape Town (SA).
The table, above, is being adapted to the entire European season \ Italian as the South African championship starts in April.
As we can see, is made an initial distinction between strength training and conditioning and general fitness training (defined as aerobic \ anaerobic).
So according to Professor Posthumus during the Off-Season (which in our league corresponds to the months of May-June-July, tournaments and final part) should be made a general refurbishment in May and then a work hypertrophy and structure in months of June and July, while those concerning the physical condition should be given more prominence Aerobic workout.
Later in the month of August, when most of the company started its season, even with the retirement pre-season, we will work for the first month on Maximum Strength and Anaerobic mainly on training.
Later in the month of September which happens to be the latest available for the physical and athletic preparation, we will work more on keeping the power as predominant anaerobic training on the aerobic workout.
Once inside IN-SEASON will be sufficient to perform the training of maintenance of Strength and Power with regard to the physical conditioning and maintenance of resistance, especially anaerobic, until the end of the season.
Today we face a very important issue for most team sports, or the “running technique”.
I state that I am an avid runner and I do not come from athletics but I would like to focus on its use and its benefits in rugby, especially at youth level.
For years now there has been some decline in “condition and physical structure” of young people who are increasingly being taken from video games or left by their parents for hours at school than the actual school hours, with courses and against -afternoon classes.
This has led to a drastic reduction of the hours dedicated to the game, which once was based primarily on race and the result is that today the majority of children who present for the first time at the rugby field do not know how to run.
Obviously you can not do a bunch grass, but the current situation, especially in smaller companies shows us how in the few hours of weekly training are very few coaches, maybe accompanied by a physical trainer, focus on running technique, when the race is at the base of the sport, before the passage of the tackle and the destination.
Impress a good running technique to our students from the very first categories may well be critical to the future player to come. Some of the advantages of a good running technique can be:
– Better coordination of movement during play
– Lower energy expenditure
– Greater ease of movement
– Improved mobility
These are among the many aspects that can improve the condition and physical performance of our players, from under 6 through to seniors, in fact instruct the importance of senior players, who may have a past motor inadequate, it may be essential for the sport performance.